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Life in Bible times: Funerals and Tombs

Life in Bible times. Funerals and Tombs
Bible overview

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Slide 1

Jewish people in Bible times buried their dead as soon as possible. They saw no need to embalm. Jewish laws about not touching a dead body may have discouraged this practice. – Slide 1

Slide 2

Funeral processions were common. The body was carried on a wooden bier. – Slide 2

Slide 3

It was on such a bier that the son of the widow of Nain was being carried when Jesus intervened. – Slide 3

Slide 4

A funeral procession was a noisy affair as the Jews believed in venting their grief with loud wailing, beating on the chest and even tearing of the clothes. – Slide 4

Slide 5

Friends, relatives and even professional mourners joined in expressing their grief. It was these professional mourners that Jesus dismissed when He raised the daughter of Jairus to life. Psalms and other songs were sung and sometimes musical instruments, such as the flute, were played. – Slide 5

Slide 6

Jews did not normally practise cremation. The first tombs in the Bible were caves. This burial cave was found in the Bitan Aharon nature reserve. Abraham bought the cave of Machpelah as a burial place for his family. – Slide 6

Slide 7

Over time caves were refined into burial places carved out of rock. Jesus was buried in such a tomb belonging to a rich man called Joseph of Arimathea (Luke 23:55). – Slide 7

Slide 8

Some tombs were dug underground with steps descending to them. – Slide 8

Slide 9

A large stone was rolled across the entrance to protect the tomb from scavenging animals. – Slide 9

Slide 10

Here is such a stone in Jerusalem. – Slide 10

Slide 11

Here is a tomb with the stone rolled back. The women visiting Jesus’ tomb wondered how they were going to roll the stone back to get into the tomb. – Slide 11

Slide 12

Some wealthy families would put carvings on the tombs (2 Kings 23:17). This picture is of a tomb at Shefaram Israel from the Byzantium period. – Slide 12

Slide 13

Inside the tomb was a large slab on which the body was laid and left to decay. To control the odours the body was wrapped in cloth with lots of spices placed inside the wrappings. – Slide 13

Slide 14

Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus, who buried Jesus, packed 75Ibs of myrrh and aloes around his body. King Asa was laid on his funeral slab saturated with lavish perfumes (2 Chronicles 16:14). – Slide 14

Slide 15

When two disciples entered the tomb of Jesus, the burial clothes were folded and His body was not there. – Slide 15

Slide 16

Once a body had decayed, the bones of the deceased person were put into an ossuary box. The ossuary boxes of families would be stored in alcoves within the tomb. – Slide 16

Slide 17

Ossuary boxes were made of clay and had artistic designs carved on them. This ossuary box bears the name of Joseph, son of Caiaphas, who was the high priest when Jesus was on trial. It is 37 cm (14.5in) high and 75 cm (29.5in) long. – Slide 17

Slide 18

Slide 18
PowerPoint
Life in Bible times. Funerals and Tombs (Bible overview) in PowerPoint 4:3 standard ratio4:3 ratio
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Adobe PDF
Life in Bible times. Funerals and Tombs (Bible overview) in PDF 4:3 standard ratio4:3 ratio
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Apple Keynote
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Life in Bible times. Funerals and Tombs (Bible overview) in JPEG 4:3 standard ratio4:3 ratio
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