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Life in Bible times: Weavers and Looms

Life in Bible times. Weavers, spindles and looms.
Bible overview

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Slide 1

Weaving was practised from early Bible times (Exodus 35:35). The Egyptians were especially skilled in it (Isaiah 19:9, Ezekiel 27:7) and the Israelites most likely learnt it from them. Joseph wore fine linen (Genesis 41:42). – Slide 1

Slide 2

Men wove in ancient times (I Chronicles 4:21) and Bezaleel was skilled in the art (Exodus 35:35). However, it is generally referred to as a task done by women (1 Samuel 2:19, Proverbs 31:13). – Slide 2

Slide 3

The book of Proverbs talks about a woman whose ‘hands are busy spinning thread, her fingers twisting fibre’ (Proverbs 31:19). – Slide 3

Slide 4

Wool was extensively used for clothing (Leviticus 13:47, Proverbs 27:26, Ezekiel 27:18) while for finer work flax was used. Sometimes flax and wool were woven together (Leviticus 19:19). – Slide 4

Slide 5

Coarser kinds of garment such as tent cloth, sack cloth and ‘hairy garments’ of the poor were made of goats or camel hair. Elijah and John the Baptist wore such clothes. – Slide 5

Slide 6

Fleeces were gathered from sheep to make wool. – Slide 6

Slide 7

A spindle was used to twist the fibres into length of yarn. – Slide 7

Slide 8

Stands of the fibre were fed on to the wooden spindle. – Slide 8

Slide 9

The spindle was then spun … – Slide 9

Slide 10

… to twist the fibre into balls of yarn. – Slide 10

Slide 11

Looms were generally upright frames made of wood. Delilah used such a loom to weave Samson’s long hair (Judges 16:13-14). – Slide 11

Slide 12

Lengths of yarn were hung from a top frame to fall vertically to the ground. – Slide 12

Slide 13

Small weights were tied to the base of these to keep them taut. – Slide 13

Slide 14

The weaver would then use a wooden shuttle to thread the horizontal threads of wool back and forwards through the vertical threads. We read of a shuttle in Job 7:6. – Slide 14

Slide 15

Using this method elaborate patterns could be woven using dyed wool. The Babylonians wove pictures of men and animals on their clothes. Textures with golden thread were considered the most valuable (Psalm 45:13). – Slide 15

Slide 16

Some garments were woven without a seam. Priestly garment were woven in this way. Jesus wore a seamless coat. It was a valuable item, hence the soldiers who crucified Jesus cast lots to see who would have it (John 19:23). – Slide 16

Slide 17

Slide 17
PowerPoint
Life in Bible times. Weavers, spindles and looms. (Bible overview) in PowerPoint 4:3 standard ratio4:3 ratio
Life in Bible times. Weavers, spindles and looms. (Bible overview) in PowerPoint 16:9 widescreen ratio16:9 widescreen
Adobe PDF
Life in Bible times. Weavers, spindles and looms. (Bible overview) in PDF 4:3 standard ratio4:3 ratio
Life in Bible times. Weavers, spindles and looms. (Bible overview) in PDF 16:9 widescreen ratio16:9 widescreen
Apple Keynote
Life in Bible times. Weavers, spindles and looms. (Bible overview) in Keynote 4:3 standard ratio4:3 ratio
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Life in Bible times. Weavers, spindles and looms. (Bible overview) in JPEG 4:3 standard ratio4:3 ratio
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